As Zack noted in great detail here, the Obama administration is investigating the activities of health insurance giant Humana—a participant in Medicare Advantage that’s been telling its aging consumers that the government plans to slash benefits, and urging them to tell Congress not to touch the program as it reforms the U.S. health care system.
Medicare Advantage plans are private health care plans that seniors can buy into with federal assistance in lieu of participating in traditional Medicare. Under terms the government erected when it created the system, those insurers face strict limits on how they communicate to beneficiaries—regulations that exist to protect seniors from acting under the pressures of insurers, who control their benefits. In response to a request from Sen. Max Baucus (D-MT), the Center for Medicaid and Medicare Services has demanded the lobbying effort cease, and is investigating the company to determine whether it violated those rules.
This comes as Congress is in the midst of an epic and tendentious battle over health care legislation, with the GOP doing all it can to ensure Democratic reforms don’t pass. So it’s no surprise that leading Republicans are leaping to Humana’s defense.
Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell, who represents Humana’s home state of Kentucky, and has received tens of thousands of dollars from the company over the years, called the CMS actions a “gag order”—a characterization that has been echoed by House Minority Leader John Boehner and Rep. Dave Camp (R-MI)—ranking member on the House Ways and Means Committee—who fired off an angry letter to CMS acting administrator Charlene Frizzera.
“In light of CMS’ seemingly uneven and potentially politically-motivated use of its regulatory authority,” Camp writes, “I therefore request that…CMS immediately suspend this virtual gag order on efforts by an MA plan to let its enrollees know how they could be hurt by the health reforms plans being pushed by President Obama and Democrats in Congress.”
You can read the entire letter below.
September 22, 2009
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
7500 Security Boulevard
Baltimore, MD 21244
Dear Acting Administrator Frizzera,
I am writing to express my deep suspicion that the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) may be selectively and inappropriately using its regulatory powers to intimidate and silence those who under the First Amendment of the United States Constitution are expressing legitimate facts about the Medicare cuts proposed by President Obama and Congressional Democrats.
This morning, CMS acknowledged it has initiated an investigation into one Medicare health care plan provider, Humana, because it contacted some of its 1.5 million Medicare Advantage (MA) beneficiaries to inform them that these cuts could negatively impact seniors’ benefits and out-of-pocket costs.
Given the importance of health care to America’s seniors, I am sure you will agree seniors currently enrolled in MA have a right to know about how pending policy changes could affect them. I am certainly aware that MA marketing regulations are supposed to be used to ensure that communications from plan sponsors or affiliated groups do not include inaccurate information that would inappropriately steer seniors to certain MA plans. I have read the letter from Humana to its members and it does neither.
Moreover, I am concerned that CMS has taken action for political purposes, which threatens the integrity of the agency and of our democracy. To my knowledge, Humana is the only such plan to be targeted for investigation for speaking out against the Administration and Congressional Democrat’s plan. However, today CMS issued a ban on all MA health plans from distributing similar information.
I note that no such pressure has been applied to those supportive of the President’s Medicare cuts. AARP, which has the largest MA plan in Medicare at 1.7 million enrollees, has been a vocal advocate in favor of the President Obama and Democrats’ health care proposals. They have spent millions of dollars communicating to its members the group’s support of President Obama’s proposed changes to Medicare via bulletins, television ads, newsletters, and its website. According to USA Today, AARP sent 8 million direct letters about health care reform and Medicare policies under consideration in Washington to its members over Labor Day. Additionally AARP has a “Health Action Now!” website that asks seniors to contact Members of Congress using an AARP-drafted letter that seniors can send via e-mail. These communications seem to be largely similar to the communications sent by Humana, other than they are in support of President Obama’s position.
For example, AARP’s website states that it’s a “myth” that “health care reform will hurt Medicare”, saying that it’s a “fact” that “none of the health care reform proposals being considered by Congress would cut Medicare benefits or increase your out-of-pocket costs for Medicare services.” This flies in the face of what the non-partisan Congressional Budget Office (CBO) has found as it relates to the MA cuts.
CBO’S findings about the $156 billion in MA cuts contained in H.R. 3200, the House Democrats’ health care bill, should be of great concern to senior citizens. According to CBO, the legislation “could lead many plans to limit the benefits they offer, raise their premiums, or withdraw from the program.” CBO also predicts that H.R. 3200 will result in 3 million seniors currently enrolled in MA losing their coverage.
Given the requirement that communications by MA plans, or their affiliates, to current and potential MA enrollees, not contain inaccurate information, it would seem that CMS’ resources would be better served ensuring AARP no longer falsely suggests that the President’s plans to cut $500 billion from Medicare will not have any negative impact on MA enrollees.
In light of CMS’ seemingly uneven and potentially politically-motivated use of its regulatory authority, I therefore request that:
1. CMS immediately suspend this virtual gag order on efforts by an MA plan to let its enrollees know how they could be hurt by the health reforms plans being pushed by President Obama and Democrats in Congress;
2. CMS immediately publicly indicate that the providing of accurate information by MA plans to its enrollees is not prohibited by applicable federal rules and regulations and that no adverse action will be taken against any plan choosing to do so;
3. Provide, in writing, by September 28, 2009, an explanation of whether similar enforcement activities were taken against other MA plan and its affiliates, including AARP, and if not why no such action was taken.
I look forward to your timely response.
Committee on Ways and Means
Brian Beutler is TPM's senior congressional reporter. Since 2009, he's led coverage of health care reform, Wall Street reform, taxes, the GOP budget, the government shutdown fight, and the debt limit fight. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.